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Threat Group Cards: A Threat Actor Encyclopedia

Permanent link Tool: Karagany

NamesKaragany
Karagny
CategoryMalware
TypeBackdoor, Credential stealer, Downloader, Exfiltration
Description(SecureWorks) Dating from at least 2010, the Karagany malware family originated from criminal malware known as 'Dream Loader.' Reports indicate that Dream Loader was leaked onto underground forums and that limited use was seen in the wild.

Karagany does not have a wealth of built-in capability at its core. Its main purpose is to provide the ability for a remote threat actor to maintain persistent access to a victim's network, upload/download files, and download and execute additional plugin modules.

In addition to the plugin functionality, the core module contains a limited capability to harvest browser passwords stored in the Windows Credential Store.
Information<https://www.secureworks.com/research/updated-karagany-malware-targets-energy-sector>
MITRE ATT&CK<https://attack.mitre.org/software/S0094/>
Malpedia<https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.karagany>
AlienVault OTX<https://otx.alienvault.com/browse/pulses?q=tag:karagany>

Last change to this tool card: 22 April 2020

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All groups using tool Karagany

ChangedNameCountryObserved

APT groups

 Berserk Bear, Dragonfly 2.0Russia2015-May 2017 
 Energetic Bear, DragonflyRussia2010-Oct 2020X

2 groups listed (2 APT, 0 other, 0 unknown)

Thailand Computer Emergency Response Team (ThaiCERT)
Electronic Transactions Development Agency

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