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Threat Group Cards: A Threat Actor Encyclopedia

Permanent link Tool: KARAE

NamesKARAE
CategoryMalware
TypeReconnaissance, Backdoor, Info stealer, Exfiltration
Description(FireEye) Karae backdoors are typically used as first-stage malware after an initial compromise. The backdoors can collect system information, upload and download files, and may be used to retrieve a second-stage payload. The malware uses public cloud-based storage providers for command and control.

In March 2016, KARAE malware was distributed through torrent file-sharing websites for South Korean users. During this campaign, the malware used a YouTube video downloader application as a lure.
Information<https://www2.fireeye.com/rs/848-DID-242/images/rpt_APT37.pdf>
MITRE ATT&CK<https://attack.mitre.org/software/S0215/>

Last change to this tool card: 22 April 2020

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All groups using tool KARAE

ChangedNameCountryObserved

APT groups

 Reaper, APT 37, Ricochet Chollima, ScarCruftNorth Korea2012-Dec 2020X

1 group listed (1 APT, 0 other, 0 unknown)

Thailand Computer Emergency Response Team (ThaiCERT)
Electronic Transactions Development Agency

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